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Dr Stephen J Davies
BDS , M.D.Sc., D.G.D.P.(UK)
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Treatment

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Treatment - Physiotherapy

Counselling | Physiotherapy | Pharmacotherapy | Splint therapy

Physiotherapy plays an important part in the treatment of any musculoskeletal disorders, and it is beneficial to any patient with TMD where there is muscle involvement. There is little documentation on the use of Physiotherapy with TMD, and few have been formally evaluated. The following list shows most of the methods employed today in the management of temporomandibular problems.

Common methods of treatment:

  • Short wave diathermy
  • Megapulse
  • Ultrasound
  • Laser

Other methods:

  • Acupuncture
  • Biofeedback
  • Massage
  • Exercise
  • Thermal treatment
  • TENS
  • Interferential
  • Mobilisation

The aims of Physiotherapy

  1. To increase patient's awareness of their symptoms
  2. To achieve muscle relaxation
  3. To reduce muscle hyperactivity and re-establish joint movement
  4. To relieve pain, muscle spasm and oedema
  5. To enable a return to normal function